Charles Viles Marsh

b. 1835, d. May 1864
  • Father: Mansir Warren Marsh b. 7 Aug 1800, d. 18 May 1891
  • Mother: Louisa Viles b. 25 Aug 1811, d. 27 Jan 1869
  • Company: C
  • Charles Viles Marsh was born in 1835 at Belmont, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, son of Mansir Warren Marsh and Louisa Viles.
  • Charles Viles Marsh was enumerated in the household of Mansir Warren Marsh and Louisa Viles in the 1850 US Federal Census on 30 Aug 1850 at West Cambridge, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, as:
    Mansur W. Marsh, 50, farmer, estate value $9000, b. VT
    Louisa, 39, b. MA (as were all the children)
    Frederic L., 18, farmer
    Geo. M., 16
    **Chas. V. 15
    Jn. W., 13
    Lewis H., 11
    Wm. A., 9
    Mary L., 6
    Frances L., 5
    Joan McCarty, 19, b. Ireland
    Jefferson Foster, 25, laborer, b. ME
    Wm. Cristy, 19, laborer, b. N. S.
    Ezra Slack, 35, laborer, b. N. S.
  • Charles Viles Marsh was enumerated in the household of Mansir Warren Marsh and Louisa Viles in the 1860 US Federal Census on 14 Jun 1860 at Belmont, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, as:
    M. W. Marsh, 59, farmer, $10,000 real estate, $2000 personal estate, b. VT
    Louiza, 48, b. MA
    ** Charles V., 25, farmer, b. MA
    John W., 23, farmer, b. MA
    William A., 19, farmer, b. MA
    Mary L., 16, b. MA
    Francis L, 14 (F), b. MA
    Syntha M., 9, b. MA
    Franklin P., 7m, b. MA
    James Marshall, 25, laborer, b. ME
    George Bryant, 20, laborer, b. ME
    Michael Carney, 24, laborer b. Ireland
    Margaret Sullivan, 25, servant, b. Ireland.
  • In 1862 Charles was living at Belmont, Middlesex County, Massachusetts.
  • At the time of his enlistment in the 15th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, Charles gave his occupation as farmer.

  • On 14 Aug 1862 Charles mustered into service with the 15th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, being credited to the quota of Belmont, Middlesex County, Massachusetts. He was 27 years old.
  • On 4 Jul 1863 Charles was wounded at The Battle of Gettysburg, Adams County, Pennsylvania, on head and hand.
  • On 22 Jul 1863 at "The Worcester Spy", Worcester, Worcester County, Massachusetts, Charles Viles Marsh was reported as wounded at Gettysburg.
  • He died in May 1864 at The Battle of the Wilderness, Spotsylvania County, Virginia, where he was reported missing in action. He was 29 years old.
  • On 13 May 1864 his brother, Lewis H. Marsh, died at New Orleans, Louisiana, of disease while serving with the 2nd Battery, Massachusetts Light Artillery. His name also appears on the family memorial.
  • Charles Viles Marsh was memorialized in 1864 at Mount Pleasant Cemetery, Arlington, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, on his family's gravemarker, where it states "Died in the Army, Charles V. Marsh, 1835 - 1864."
  • On 27 Jan 1869 his mother, Louisa Viles, died at Belmont, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, at age 57.
  • In 1870 Charles was included in "The Medical and Surgical History of the War of the Rebellion," published by the U. S. Government as follows: Private Charles V. Marsh, Co. C, 15th Massachusetts Volunteers, aged 28 years. Gettysburg July 3d, 1863. Treated at corps and Mower hospitals. Returned to duty December 22d, 1863. His name is not upon the Pension List.
  • Last Edited: 6 Jun 2017

Charles William Marsh

b. 1841, d. 18 May 1892
  • Father: Charles Marsh b. 1810
  • Mother: Arathusa Jane Gates b. 4 Jun 1816, d. 19 Feb 1868
  • Company: F
  • Charles William Marsh was born in 1841 at Barre, Worcester County, Massachusetts, son of Charles Marsh and Arathusa Jane Gates.
  • Charles William Marsh was enumerated in the 1860 US Federal census on 27 Jul 1860 at Sturbridge, Worcester County, Massachusetts, as:
    F. O. Wallis, 41, hotel keeper, b. MA
    Josaphine, 40, b. NH
    Eugene, 11, b. MA
    Frank, 8, b. MA
    A. C. Saunders, 70, b. England
    **Charles Marsh, 19, painter, b. MA.
  • At the time of his enlistment in the 15th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, in 1861, Charles gave his occupation as painter.

  • On 12 Jul 1861 Charles mustered into service with the 15th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, being credited to the quota of West Brookfield, Worcester County, Massachusetts. He was 20 years old.
  • On 15 Nov 1862 Charles ended military service with the 15th Massachusetts at Alexandria, Alexandria (city), Virginia, due to disability.

  • After the war, he returned to West Brookfield and worked at the Corset Factory.
  • On 15 Oct 1867 Charles William Marsh married Laura E. Warner, 20, daughter of Alfred Warner and Aldula Howard, at Springfield, Windsor County, Vermont, in a first marriage for both.
  • Charles William Marsh and Laura E. Warner were enumerated in the 1870 US Federal Census on 11 Jun 1870 at Mount Holly, Rutland County, Vermont, as:
    Marsh, Charles, 29, painter, b. MA
    ---, Laura, 23, b. VT
    ---, Mary, 5/12, b. VT
    Dodge, Lorenzo, 30, painter, b. VT.
  • Charles William Marsh was not enumerated in the household of Laura E. Warner in the 1880 US Federal Census on on 12 Jun 1880 at at Rutland, Rutland County, Vermont, as:
    Marsh, Laura E., 33, dressmaking, b. VT
    ---, Mary A., 10, daur, b. VT.
  • Charles William Marsh made application for a veteran's pension on 19 Jun 1885, and received certificate number 1020222.
  • He died on 18 May 1892 at Worcester Insane Hospital, Worcester, Worcester County, Massachusetts, of dementia. He was 51 years old.
  • He was buried in May 1892 at Pine Grove Cemetery, Warren, Worcester County, Massachusetts.
  • On 1 Aug 1892 Laura E. Warner received a pension to surviving family member in Vermont based on Charles's service; and received certificate number 366344.
  • On 28 Oct 1905 his daughter, Mary A. Marsh, died at Brattleboro, Windham County, Vermont, at age 35.
  • Laura outlived Charles and died on 2 May 1916 at Rockingham, Windham County, Vermont.
  • Last Edited: 12 Sep 2016

Family: Laura E. Warner b. May 1847, d. 2 May 1916

  • Mary A. Marsh b. Jan 1870, d. 28 Oct 1905

George L. Marsh

b. 12 August 1842
  • Father: Liberty Marsh b. between 1810 - 1811, d. 4 Mar 1887
  • Mother: Margaret H. Frost b. 17 Jun 1822, d. 23 Mar 1902
  • Company: F
  • George L. Marsh was born on 12 Aug 1842 at Springfield, Hampden County, Massachusetts, son of Liberty Marsh and Margaret H. Frost, and the birth was registered in Sturbridge, MA.
  • George L. Marsh was enumerated in the household of Liberty Marsh and Margaret H. Frost in the 1850 US Federal Census on 28 Aug 1850 at Sturbridge, Worcester County, Massachusetts, as:
    Liberty Marsh, 39, laborer, b. MA (as were all in the family)
    Margaret H., 28
    **George L., 8
    Orrin O., 5
    James L., 1.
  • George L. Marsh was enumerated in the household of Liberty Marsh and Margaret H. Frost in the State census in 1855 at Sturbridge, Worcester County, Massachusetts, as:
    Liberty Marsh, M      44, b. MA
    Margaret H Marsh, F, 33, b. MA
    Mary A Marsh , F, 20, b. MA
    George L Marsh, M, 13, b. MA
    Orrin O B Marsh, M, 10, b. MA.
  • George L. Marsh was enumerated in the household of Liberty Marsh and Margaret H. Frost in the 1860 US Federal Census on 27 Mar 1860 at Sturbridge, Worcester County, Massachusetts, as:
    Liberty Marsh, 56, day laborer, b. MA (as were all in the family)
    Margaret, 38
    Orin P. Marsh, 15, factory operative
    Wm. Sheldon, 32
    Arthur, 4 (b. 25 Aug 1858, s/o Wm. D. and Jane M. Marsh)
    John P. Marsh, 4
    Mary Richardson, 29.b-CT.
  • In 1862 George was living at North Brookfield, Worcester County, Massachusetts.
  • At the time of his enlistment in the 15th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, in 1862, George gave his occupation as tailor.

  • On 1 Feb 1862 George mustered into service with the 15th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, being credited to the quota of North Brookfield, Worcester County, Massachusetts. He was 19 years, 5 months and 20 days old.
  • On 28 Oct 1862 George ended military service with the 15th Massachusetts due to disability.

  • On 26 Sep 1863 George L. Marsh, 21, married Henrietta S. Converse, 29, daughter of Edwin Converse and Mary Polly Munger, at Sturbridge, Worcester County, Massachusetts, in a first marriage for him and the second for her. She was the widow of William Carter, who had died in 1862 at Harrison's Landing with the 15th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry.
  • In 1864 George L. Marsh was merchant.
  • Starting 4 Jan 1864, George also served in the 4th Massachusetts Cavalery, Co. G.
  • He ended his service with the 4th Massachusetts Cavalry by desertion, as "Saddler" on 7 Jun 1865 at Virginia.
  • About 1880, at Northampton, Hampshire County, Massachusetts, George was a member GAR Post #86 (W. L. Baker Post.)
  • In 1886 George L. Marsh was included in the Civil War memorial publication at North Brookfield, Worcester County, Massachusetts.
  • George's mother, Margaret H. Frost, died and was buried in Mar 1902 at Brimfield Cemetery, Brimfield, Hampden County, Massachusetts, at age 79 years and 8 months.
  • Last Edited: 12 Sep 2016

Family: Henrietta S. Converse b. 20 Jun 1834, d. 28 Aug 1908

John Marsh

b. 12 August 1835, d. 4 July 1863

John Marsh, Jr.
  • Father: John Marsh b. 27 Jul 1804, d. 3 May 1885
  • Mother: Ann Maria Bird b. 28 Apr 1807, d. 3 Sep 1881
  • Company: B
  • John Marsh was born on 12 Aug 1835 at Sandwich, Barnstable County, Massachusetts, son of John Marsh and Ann Maria Bird.
  • John Marsh was enumerated in the household of John Marsh and Ann Maria Bird in the 1850 US Federal Census on 3 Sep 1850 at Cambridge, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, as:
    John Marsh, 47, glass blower, b. England
    Ann M., 42, b. MA (as were all the children)
    Martha, 22
    George H., 21, glass blower
    James, 17, clerk
    **John, 14
    Susan E., 13
    Walter, 11
    Malinda R., 9
    Eunice F., 9
    Daniel F., 7
    Benjamin F., 5
    Isabella, 3
    Stephen Bird, 81, b. MA (his maternal grandfather.)
  • In 1861 John was living at Fitchburg, Worcester County, Massachusetts.
  • At the time of his enlistment in the 15th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, in 1861, John gave his occupation as palm leaf splitter.

  • On 26 Nov 1861 John mustered into service with the 15th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, being credited to the quota of Fitchburg, Worcester County, Massachusetts. He was 26 years, 3 months and 14 days old.
  • On 17 Sep 1862 John was wounded at The Battle of Antietam, Washington County, Maryland, in the leg.
  • He died on 4 Jul 1863 at The Battle of Gettysburg, Adams County, Pennsylvania. He was 27 years, 10 months and 22 days old.
  • He was buried in Jul 1863 at Soldiers National Cemetery, Gettysburg, Adams County, Pennsylvania, Sec. D Grave # 2.
  • On 22 Jul 1863 at "The Worcester Spy", Worcester, Worcester County, Massachusetts, John Marsh was listed as a casualty of Gettysburg.
  • In A Vast Sea of Misery:A History and Guide to the Union and Confederate Field Hospitals at Gettysburg, July 1, 1863-November 20, 1863, by Gregory A. Coco, 1988, Thomas Publications, the following is found:
    Pvt. John Marsh, Company B, wounded in the head, killed July 3, buried on the ridge midway between the A. Bryan and the Peter Frey Farm, enroute to the Second Corps aid station at the Peter Frey Farm, reinterred in D-2 of the Massachusetts plot, age 26.
  • He's surviving family was enumerated in the household of John Marsh and Ann Maria Bird in the 1870 US Federal Census on 16 Jun 1870 at Cambridge, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, as:
    John Marsh, 67, glass maker, b. England
    Ann M., 63, b. MA
    James B., 39
    Daniel S., 26
    Benjamin F., 24
    Athie B., 20.
  • Last Edited: 9 Sep 2016

Silas D. Marsh

b. 1834, d. 22 September 1862
  • Father: Marcus J. Marsh b. 9 Apr 1800, d. 9 Mar 1880
  • Mother: Amelia Dexter b. 1796, d. 10 Mar 1880
  • Company: D
  • Silas D. Marsh was born about in 1834 at Hardwick, Worcester County, Massachusetts, son of Marcus J. Marsh and Amelia Dexter.
  • Silas D. Marsh was enumerated in the household of Marcus J. Marsh and Amelia Dexter in the 1850 US Federal Census on 13 Sep 1850 at Hardwick, Worcester County, Massachusetts, as:
    Marcus J. Marsh, 50, farmer, b. MA
    Amelia, 54, b. CT
    Marcus, 24, b. MA (as were all)
    Moses T., 23
    Mary E., 21
    Martha, 20
    George, 18
    **Silas D., 15
    William A., 13
    Joel B., 8
    Addison J., 6.
  • In 1861 Silas was living at Hardwick, Worcester County, Massachusetts.
  • At the time of his enlistment in the 15th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, in 1861, Silas gave his occupation as maker of woodenware.

  • On 12 Jul 1861 Silas mustered into service with the 15th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, being credited to the quota of Hardwick, Worcester County, Massachusetts. He was 27 years old.
  • On 17 Sep 1862 Silas was wounded at The Battle of Antietam, Washington County, Maryland, in the breast.
  • He died on 22 Sep 1862 at Keedysville, Washington County, Maryland, of wounds received at the Battle of Antietam. He was 28 years old.
  • Marcus, his father, outlived Silas and died on 9 Mar 1880 at Hardwick, Worcester County, Massachusetts, at age 79.
  • Amelia, his mother, outlived Silas and died on 10 Mar 1880 at Hardwick, Worcester County, Massachusetts.
  • On 17 Sep 1900 Silas D. Marsh was included on the Civil War memorial at Antietam Battlefield, Sharpsburg, Maryland, as having died of his wounds received at the battle. (Read several articles from the Fitchburg Sentinel about the planning for the memorial.)
  • Last Edited: 17 Aug 2016

Franklin Sylvander Marshall

b. 11 July 1840, d. 4 February 1875
  • Father: Chedorlaomer Marshall b. 25 Mar 1803, d. 21 Jun 1863
  • Mother: Martha Fox Upton b. 14 Oct 1804, d. 28 Sep 1877
  • Company: B
  • Franklin Sylvander Marshall was born on 11 Jul 1840 at Fitchburg, Worcester County, Massachusetts, son of Chedorlaomer Marshall and Martha Fox Upton.
  • Franklin Sylvander Marshall was enumerated in the household of Chedorlaomer Marshall and Martha Fox Upton in the 1850 US Federal Census on 9 Aug 1850 at Fitchburg, Worcester County, Massachusetts, as:
    Chederlomer Marshall, 47, farmer, b. MA (as were all in the family)
    Martha F., 45
    Lucy A., 22
    Martha A., 20
    Frances A. 16 (f)
    Charlotte L., 13
    **Franklin S., 9
    Joseph D. Fox, 45
    Ellen Upton, 28
    Frances E. Upton, 3.
  • At the time of his enlistment in the 15th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, in 1861, Franklin gave his occupation as farmer.
  • In 1861 Franklin was living at Fitchburg, Worcester County, Massachusetts.

  • On 30 Jul 1861 Frank mustered into service with the 15th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, being credited to the quota of Fitchburg, Worcester County, Massachusetts. He was 21 years and 19 days old.
  • On 10 Sep 1862 Franklin ended military service with the 15th Massachusetts due to disability.

  • Franklin Sylvander Marshall married Mary Hunter.
  • Franklin Sylvander Marshall died on 4 Feb 1875 at Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania. He was 34 years, 6 months and 24 days old.
  • He was buried on 7 Feb 1875 at Laurel Hill Cemetery, Div. 2, Fitchburg, Worcester County, Massachusetts, (East of Central Entrance) Cosmos Path, after a funeral at his mother's home on Mt. Vernon street, Fitchburg.
  • On 23 Oct 1876 at Worcester, Worcester County, Massachusetts, Franklin Sylvander Marshall was reported as deceased at the 10th annual reunion of the 15th Massachusetts in an article in the Fitchburg Sentinel. Click the icon to read the report.
  • On 7 Sep 1926 Mary Hunter received a pension to surviving family member in Massachusetts based on Franklin's service; his wife, received certificate number A-11-11-27.
  • Franklin's wife, Mary Hunter, died and was buried in Apr 1934 at Laurel Hill Cemetery, Fitchburg, Worcester County, Massachusetts, at age 81 years and 10 months.
  • Last Edited: 18 Apr 2016

Family: Mary Hunter b. 1 Jun 1852, d. 20 Apr 1934

Isaac E. Marshall

b. 1840, d. 17 September 1862
  • Father: Eli Marshall b. between 1781 - 1782
  • Mother: Catherine [--?--] b. 1788
  • Company: H
  • Isaac E. Marshall was born about in 1840 at Poughkeepsie, Dutchess County, New York, son of Eli Marshall and Catherine [--?--].
  • Isaac E. Marshall was enumerated in the household of Eli Marshall and Catherine [--?--] in the 1850 US Federal Census on 29 Aug 1850 at Poughkeepsie, Dutchess County, New York, as:
    Eli Marshall, 68, farmer, b. NY (as were all in the family)
    Catherine, 62
    Sarah, 17
    Ann M., 16
    **Isaac E., 12
    Nathan, 8
    Harriet, 10.
  • Isaac E. Marshall and Eugene Keith were enumerated in the 1860 US Federal census on 8 Jun 1860 at Sutton P. O., Northbridge, Worcester County, Massachusetts, living in the boarding house of:
    Moses Andrews, 52, (boardinghouse owner),
    Lucinda, 53
    Anne., 38
    Albert A., 22
    **Isaac Marshall, 22, machinist, b. NY
    ??? Colvin, 30
    Asel Wood, 20
    **Eugene Keith, 19, machinist, b. MA
    H. W. Beebe, 22
    ??? Willey, 21
    Alvin Cousin, 25
    Louisa Anderson, 22
    (Note: two future members of the 15th Massachusetts lived in the same boarding house.)
  • At the time of his enlistment in the 15th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, Isaac gave his occupation as machinist.

  • On 12 Jul 1861 Isaac mustered into service with the 15th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, being credited to the quota of Northbridge, Worcester County, Massachusetts. He was 21 years old.
  • On 21 Oct 1861 his friend, Eugene Keith, died at The Battle of Ball's Bluff, Leesburg, Virginia, at age 22 unmarried, killed in action.
  • Isaac E. Marshall died on 17 Sep 1862 at The Battle of Antietam, Washington County, Maryland, killed in action, unmarried. He was 22 years old.
  • On 26 Sep 1862 at "The Worcester Daily Spy", Worcester, Worcester County, Massachusetts, Isaac E. Marshall was mentioned among the deceased.
  • On 30 Apr 1887 Catherine Marshall received a pension to surviving family member based on Isaac's service; his mother, received certificate number 353722.
  • On 17 Sep 1900 Isaac E. Marshall was included on the Civil War memorial at Antietam Battlefield, Sharpsburg, Maryland, with the 15th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, on the 35th anniversary of the battle. (Articles from the Fitchburg Sentinel about the planning for the memorial.)
  • Last Edited: 19 Aug 2016

Joseph Augustus Marshall

b. 15 June 1840, d. 30 July 1920

Joseph A. Marshall
  • Father: Jonas Augustus Marshall b. 21 Mar 1800, d. 25 Feb 1887
  • Mother: Harriet Silence Bowers b. 1801, d. 12 Nov 1846
  • Company: B
  • Joseph Augustus Marshall was born on 15 Jun 1840 at Fitchburg, Worcester County, Massachusetts, son of Jonas Augustus Marshall and Harriet Silence Bowers.
  • In 1861 Joseph was living at Fitchburg, Worcester County, Massachusetts.
  • At the time of his enlistment in the 15th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, in 1861, Joseph gave his occupation as clerk.

  • On 12 Jul 1861 Joseph mustered into service with the 15th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, being credited to the quota of Fitchburg, Worcester County, Massachusetts. He was 21 years and 27 days old.
  • On 13 Dec 1862 Joseph was wounded at The Battle of Fredericksburg, Spotsylvania County, Virginia.
  • On 27 Jan 1863 Joseph ended military service with the 15th Massachusetts for promotion to 2nd Lieutenant in the 36th Massachusetts Regiment.

  • Starting 27 Jan 1863, Joseph also served in the Company A of the 36th Massachusetts.
  • On 1 Sep 1863 Joseph was promoted to 1st Lieutenant.
  • On 23 Apr 1864 Joseph was promoted to Captain.
  • On 6 May 1864 Joseph was wounded at The Battle of the Wilderness, Spotsylvania County, Virginia.
  • He ended his service on 8 Jun 1865.
  • Joseph Augustus Marshall married Eliza A. [--?--]
  • Joseph Augustus Marshall and Eliza A. [--?--] were enumerated in the 1870 US Federal Census on 15 Jun 1870 at Girard, Crawford County, Kansas, as:
    Marshall, Joseph A., 29, hotel keeper, b. MA
    ---, Eliza A., 41, b. OH
    ---, Sallie H., 2, b. KY
    (plus numerous hotel guests.)
  • Joseph Augustus Marshall and Eliza A. [--?--] were enumerated in the 1880 US Federal census on 15 Jun 1880 at Girard, Crawford County, Kansas, where he is a merchant and news dealer, and still keeping his hotel. There appear to be a number of his wife's children and grand-children from a former marriage living with them. Sallie H. Marshall of the 1870 census is not with them.
  • In Jun 1886 Joseph was living at Girard, Crawford County, Kansas.
  • He made application at Kansas for a veteran's pension on 7 Apr 1889, and received certificate number 378466.
  • In 1889 Joseph Augustus Marshall and Eliza A. [--?--] moved from Kansas to Chicago.
  • On 20 Jan 1892 Eliza A. [--?--], his wife, died at Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, at age 62 of pneumonia.
  • On 14 Jun 1893 Joseph Augustus Marshall, 52, married Emma M. Estes, 50, at La Grange, Cook County, Illinois, She was a widow.
  • In May 1898 Joseph was living at Chicago, Cook County, Illinois.
  • On 11 May 1898 at "The Fitchburg Sentinel", Fitchburg, Worcester County, Massachusetts, Joseph Augustus Marshall was mentioned in an article as an original member of the Fitchburg Fusiliers.
  • He and Emma M. Estes were enumerated in the 1900 US Federal census on 13 Jun 1900 at Lyons, Cook County, Illinois, as:
    Marshall, Joseph A., 59, married 8 years, b. MA (as were his parents)
    ---, Emma M., 57, two of her three children are living, b. OH
    Estes, Mabel C., step-dau, b. Nov 1873 in Missouri
    ---, St. Louis, step-son, b. Apr 1876 in Missouri.
  • Joseph Augustus Marshall and Emma M. Estes were enumerated in the 1910 US Federal Census on 16 Apr 1910 at Lyons, Cook County, Illinois, with her two living children.
  • Joseph Augustus Marshall died on 30 Jul 1920 at La Grange, Cook County, Illinois. He was 80 years, 1 month and 15 days old.
  • He was buried on 1 Aug 1920 at Oak Hill Cemetery (Parkholm Cemetery), La Grange Park, Cook County, Illinois.
  • Last Edited: 18 Apr 2016

Family 1: Eliza A. [--?--] b. 20 Dec 1829, d. 20 Jan 1892

  • Sallie H. Marshall b. between 1867 - 1868

Family 2: Emma M. Estes b. Nov 1842

Frank Martin

b. between 1830 and 1831
  • Company: G
  • Frank Martin was born between 1830 - 1831 at France.
  • At the time of his enlistment in the 15th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, Frank gave his occupation as sailor.
  • He lived at an unknown place in 1863.

  • On 30 Jul 1863 Frank mustered into service with the 15th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry as a substitute for a drafted man, being credited to the quota of Amherst, Hampshire County, Massachusetts.
  • On 27 Nov 1863 Frank was wounded.
  • On 23 Apr 1864 Frank ended military service with the 15th Massachusetts by transfer to the Navy, according to the 1870 roster.

  • On 6 May 1864 Frank was wounded at The Battle of the Wilderness, Spotsylvania County, Virginia.
  • Last Edited: 9 Sep 2012

Henry Martin

b. 6 September 1836, d. 13 March 1918
  • Father: Calvin P. Martin b. 7 Mar 1807, d. 1 Jan 1879
  • Mother: Candis Wade b. 10 Sep 1804, d. 13 Apr 1892
  • Company: 1_SS
  • Henry Martin was born on 6 Sep 1836 at Pawtucket, Providence County, Rhode Island, son of Calvin P. Martin and Candis Wade.
  • Henry Martin was enumerated in the household of Calvin P. Martin and Candis Wade in the 1850 US Federal Census on 9 Sep 1850 at Newburyport, Essex County, Massachusetts, as:
    Calvin P. Martin, 43, machinist, b. MA
    Candace, 45, b. RI
    Elizabeth H., 15, b. MA
    **Henry, 13, b. MA.
  • Starting 30 Apr 1861, Henry also served in the 8th Infantry Regiment Massachusetts, Company A as a Private.
  • He ended his service with the 8th Infantry Regiment Massachusetts, Company A on 1 Aug 1861.
  • On 31 Aug 1861 Henry Martin, 24, married Lydia Jane Boardman, 22, daughter of Greenleaf Boardman and Mary L. [--?--], at Newburyport, Essex County, Massachusetts, in a first marriage for both.

  • On 3 Sep 1861 Henry Martin mustered into service with the 1st Company Massachusetts Sharpshooters. He was 24 years, 11 months and 28 days old.
  • On 3 Sep 1861 Henry was promoted to Sergeant.
  • On 13 Mar 1862 at "Salem Register", Salem, Essex County, Massachusetts, Henry Martin was mentioned in an article about the bodyguard which returned the deceased General Lander to Salem for interment. He may have been included in a group photo believed to have been taken of the Sharpshooters selected to accompany General. The officer standing at the far left is Captain John "Jack" Saunders.
  • Henry was among those who accompanied the body of General Lander to Massachusetts.
  • On 2 May 1862 Henry was wounded at Yorktown, York County, Virginia, severely in the right thigh.
  • On 19 Sep 1862 Henry was promoted to Full 1st Lieutenant.
  • He made application for a veteran's pension on 19 Jun 1863, and received certificate number 255237.
  • On 30 Jul 1863 Henry ended military service with the 1st Massachusetts Sharpshooters by discharge for disability.

  • He and Lydia Jane Boardman were enumerated in the 1870 US Federal Census on 23 Jul 1870 at Newburyport, Essex County, Massachusetts, as:
    Martin, Henry, 32, house carpenter, b. RI
    ---, Lydia J., 30, b. MA
    ---, Louisa C., 6, b. MA
    ---, Alfred E., 3/12, b. MA in April.
  • Henry Martin and Lydia Jane Boardman were enumerated in the 1880 US Federal census on 12 Jun 1880 at Newburyport, Essex County, Massachusetts, as:
    Martin, Henry, 45, house carpenter, b. RI
    ---, Lydia J., 41, wife, b. MA (as were all the children)
    ---, Louisa C., 16, daur
    ---, Calvin G., 10, son
    ---, Sarah E., 8, daur
    ---, Henry O, 5, son
    ---, Geo. W., 2, son.
  • Henry Martin was enumerated in the 1890 US Federal census, Veteran's Schedule in Jun 1890 at Newburyport, Essex County, Massachusetts, noting his service in the 8th Massachusetts Infantry, Company A, and service in the "15th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry."
  • On 5 Feb 1893 Henry and Lydia's daughter, Sarah Elizabeth Martin married Everett Scott Stevens at Newburyport, Essex County, Massachusetts, in a first marriage for both.
  • On 24 Feb 1900 Henry and Lydia's daughter, Mary Candis Bradbury Martin married John E. Brummitt at Amesbury, Essex County, Massachusetts, in a first marriage for both.
  • Henry Martin and Lydia Jane Boardman were enumerated in the 1900 US Federal census on 9 Jun 1900 at Newburyport, Essex County, Massachusetts, as:
    Martin, Henry, b. Sep 1836, married 39 years, b. RI, market garden
    ---, Lydia, wife, b. Dec 1838, six of seven children living, b. MA
    ---, George W., son, b. July 1878, single, b. MA, milk man
    Brummitt, Mary C. B., daur, b. Feb 1881, married one year, one child, b. MA
    ---, John E., son-in-law, b. Apr 1879, b. MA, wheel wright
    ---, Edwin, g-son, b. May 1900, b. MA.
  • Henry Martin and Lydia Jane Boardman were enumerated in the 1910 US Federal Census on 24 May 1910 at Newburyport, Essex County, Massachusetts, as:
    Martin, Henry M., 73, married first 48 years, b. RI (fat b. MA, mor b. RI, own income
    ---, Lydia J., wife, 71, all six of her children living, b. MA of MA parents.
  • Henry Martin died on 13 Mar 1918 at Newburyport, Essex County, Massachusetts. He was 81 years, 6 months and 7 days old.
  • He was buried in Mar 1918 at Belleville Cemetery, Newburyport, Essex County, Massachusetts, Noble Street,Lot-313.
  • On 20 Mar 1918 Lydia Jane Boardman received a pension to surviving family member based on Henry's service; his wife, received certificate number 845688.
  • Lydia, his wife, outlived Henry and died on 25 Mar 1928 at Newburyport, Essex County, Massachusetts, at age 89.
  • Last Edited: 26 Apr 2016

Family: Lydia Jane Boardman b. Dec 1838, d. 25 Mar 1928

  • Louise Currier Martin b. 7 Mar 1864, d. 29 Jan 1944
  • Calvin Greenleaf Martin b. 26 Feb 1870, d. 15 Aug 1934
  • Alfred E. Martin b. Apr 1870
  • Sarah Elizabeth Martin b. 18 Jul 1872
  • Henry Offin Martin b. 5 Oct 1874, d. 14 Jan 1945
  • George Willie Martin b. 2 Jul 1878, d. 21 Feb 1960
  • Mary Candis Bradbury Martin b. Feb 1881, d. 24 Mar 1945

John Martin

b. February 1841, d. 13 July 1905
  • Father: John Martin
  • Mother: Mary [--?--]
  • Company: G
  • John Martin was born in Feb 1841 at Ireland, son of John Martin and Mary [--?--].
  • John Martin emigrated in 1860 from Ireland and was naturalized at some later time.
  • At the time of his enlistment in the 15th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, John gave his occupation as farmer or groom.
  • In 1861 John was living at Grafton, Worcester County, Massachusetts.

  • On 11 Dec 1861 John mustered into service with the 15th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, being credited to the quota of Grafton, Worcester County, Massachusetts. He was 20 years and 10 months old.
  • On 2 Jan 1864, John was reenlisted, having received a bounty of $325.
  • On 6 May 1864 John was wounded.
  • On 27 Jul 1864 John ended military service with the 15th Massachusetts by administrative transfer to the 20th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry as absent sick.

  • Starting 28 Jul 1864, John also served in the 20th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, Company "G."
  • He ended his service by mustering out on 16 Jul 1865 at Washington, DC.
  • On 17 Apr 1866 John Martin, 25, married Margaret Murray, daughter of Bridget [--?--], at Woonsocket, Providence County, Rhode Island, and the marriage was registered in Blackstone.
  • John Martin made application for a veteran's pension on 4 Mar 1880, and received certificate numer 311400.
  • He and Margaret Murray were enumerated in the 1880 US Federal census on 11 Jun 1880 at Worcester, Worcester County, Massachusetts, as:
    Martin, John, 35, works in woolen mill, b. Ireland, cannot write
    ---, Margaret, 35, wife, b. Ireland
    ---, Mary E., 16, daughter, works in woolen mill, b. MA
    ---, Margaret, 13, dau, b. RI
    ---, John, 10, son, b. RI
    ---, Thomas, 7, son, b. MA
    ---, Hanna, 4, dau, b. MA
    ---, Rosella, 2, dau, b. MA
    Murray, Bridget, 84, mor-in-law, widow, b. Ireland.
  • On 8 Feb 1896 John and Margaret's daughter, Margaret J. Martin married Thomas F. McCabe at Worcester, Worcester County, Massachusetts, in a first marriage for both.
  • John Martin died on 13 Jul 1905 at Worcester, Worcester County, Massachusetts, of a fracture of the skull. He was 64 years and 5 months old.
  • He was buried in Jul 1905 at Worcester, Worcester County, Massachusetts.
  • On 28 Jul 1905 Margaret Murray received a pension to surviving family member in Massachusetts based on John's service; his wife, received certificate number 620105.
  • On 20 Sep 1909 John and Margaret's daughter, Rose E. Martin married John E. Rivers at Worcester, Worcester County, Massachusetts, in a first marriage for both.
  • On 26 Nov 1909 his granddaughter, Grace Beatrice Rivers, daughter of John E. Rivers and Rose E. Martin, was born at Worcester, Worcester County, Massachusetts.
  • On 24 Nov 1910 John and Margaret's daughter, Florence Elizabeth Martin married Francis George Lowder at Worcester, Worcester County, Massachusetts, in a first marriage for both.
  • Last Edited: 21 Apr 2017

Family: Margaret Murray b. Apr 1842

  • Mary E. Martin b. between 1863 - 1864
  • John Martin b. between 1869 - 1870
  • Thomas F. Martin b. 19 Jan 1872
  • Margaret J. Martin b. Feb 1873
  • Sarah Jane Martin b. Aug 1873, d. 16 Jul 1874
  • Hanna Martin b. 1875
  • Rosella Martin b. 7 Oct 1877
  • Florence Elizabeth Martin b. Apr 1878
  • Rose E. Martin b. May 1881

John M. Martin

b. May 1838, d. 13 October 1914
  • Company: 1_SS
  • John M. Martin was born in May 1838 at Maine.
  • At the time of his enlistment, John gave his occupation as Shoemaker.
  • In 1861 John was living at Lynn, Essex County, Massachusetts.
  • Starting 30 Apr 1861, John also served in the 8th Infantry Regiment Massachusetts, Company D.
  • He ended his service with the 8th Infantry Regiment on 1 Aug 1861 at Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts.

  • On 2 Sep 1861 John M. Martin mustered into service with the 1st Company Massachusetts Sharpshooters. He was 23 years and 4 months old.
  • On 25 Dec 1862 John ended military service with the 1st Massachusetts Sharpshooters by discharge for disability.

  • Starting 28 Dec 1863, John also served in the 56th Infantry Regiment Massachusetts, Company C.
  • On 22 Jun 1865 John was promoted to Full Hospital Steward.
  • He ended his service with by mustering out on 12 Jul 1865 at Alexandria, Alexandria (city), Virginia.
  • John M. Martin married Kate Grandy, daughter of Ira Grandy and Laurency [--?--], in a second marriage for both. (Note: she was the widow of Jesse Curran, who died 19 May 1863 at Vicksburg, Miss., serving with the 127th Illinois Infantry.)
  • John M. Martin and Kate Grandy were enumerated in the 1870 US Federal Census on 13 Aug 1870 at Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, as:
    Martin, John M., 32, shoemaker, b. ME
    ---, Kate, 26, b. NY
    ---, William G., 5, b. IL
    ---, Meloins, 1, b. IL.
  • John M. Martin made application for a veteran's pension on 1 Mar 1879, and received certificate number 265763.
  • He and Kate Grandy were enumerated in the 1880 US Federal census on 26 Jun 1880 at Delano, Sedgwick County, Kansas, as:
    Martin, John, 39, farmer, b. ME
    ---, Katie, 41, wife, b. NY
    ---, William, 14, son, b. IL
    ---, Clide, 11, son, b. IL
    ---, Dora, 7, daur, b. IL
    ---, Mellie, 2, son, b. IL.
  • John M. Martin died on 13 Oct 1914 at Wichita, Sedgwick County, Kansas. He was 76 years and 5 months old.
  • An obituary for John M. Martin was published on 14 Oct 1914 as follows: CIVIL WAR VETERAN DIES
    John M. Martin Expires at Home of Daughter
    After a lingering illness of over a year, John M. Martin, a veteran of the Civil War and a pioneer in Kansas, died at the home of his daughter, Mrs. O. T. Elliott, 233 Lulu avenue, about 9:30 o'clock last night. He was 77 years old and leaves a wife, one daughter, Mrs. O. T. Elliott, and four sons, Leo Martin, 1006 South Lawrence avenue, Clyde Martin, who resided with his sister, Mel Martin of Denver, Col., and Paul M. Martin of Medford, Okla....
  • He was buried in Oct 1914 at Highland Cemetery, Wichita, Sedgwick County, Kansas, Plot: Section 3, Lot 242, Grave 11.
  • On 22 Oct 1914 Kate Grandy received a pension to surviving family member in Kansas based on John's service; his wife, received certificate number 794665.
  • Kate, his wife, outlived John and died in 1918.
  • Last Edited: 5 Jun 2017

Family: Kate Grandy b. Aug 1842, d. 1918

  • William Martin b. between 1865 - 1866
  • Clyde Martin b. Feb 1869, d. 1933
  • Dora Martin b. between 1872 - 1873
  • Mellir Martin b. between 1877 - 1878
  • Neal Dow Martin b. 23 Feb 1881, d. 19 Feb 1920
  • Paul Martin b. Mar 1886, d. 1 Sep 1963

Lysander Martin

b. 5 August 1836, d. 19 June 1863
  • Father: Timothy Martin b. between 1785 - 1786
  • Mother: Rachael Darling b. between 1795 - 1796
  • Company: 1_SS
  • Lysander Martin was born on 5 Aug 1836 at Sutton, Worcester County, Massachusetts, son of Timothy Martin and Rachael Darling.
  • Lysander Martin was enumerated in the household of Timothy Martin and Rachael Darling in the 1860 US Federal Census on 22 Jul 1860 at Sutton, Worcester County, Massachusetts, as:
    Timothy Martin, 74, farmer, b. MA
    Rachael, 64, b. RI
    **Lysander, 24, farmer, b. MA
    Chas. Stephens, 13, b. ME.
  • At the time of his enlistment in the 15th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, Lysander gave his occupation as farmer.
  • In 1862 Lysander was living at Sutton, Worcester County, Massachusetts.

  • On 9 Aug 1862 Lysander mustered into service with the 15th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry and shows as "not assigned" with no further service record in the 1870 roster of the 15th. In fact, he was immediately transferred to the 1st Andrews Sharpshooters, being credited to the quota of Sutton, Worcester County, Massachusetts. He was 26 years and 4 days old.
  • On 9 Aug 1862 Lysander was transferred from the 15th Mass. to 1st Andrew Sharpshooters on the same day, and appears only on their rolls in the official records.
  • On 10 Jun 1863 Lysander was wounded at The Battle of Fredericksburg, Spotsylvania County, Virginia.
  • He died on 19 Jun 1863 at Hammond General Hospital, Point Lookout (Deep River), St. Mary's County, Maryland, unmarried, of wounds, and the death was registered in Sutton. He was 26 years, 10 months and 14 days old.
  • On 24 Jun 1863 at "The Worcester Daily Spy", Worcester, Worcester County, Massachusetts, Lysander was mentioned (Volume 92 #24) as follows:
    A Sutton Sharp Shooter - A correspondent of the New York Herald, writing from the Potomac army, gives the particulars of the achievements of the “Andrew Sharp Shooters” who were placed in the advance of our troops on the west bank of the Rappahannock, last week to reply to the rebel riflemen. Among those marksmen was private Lysander Martin, of Sutton Mass., who has dropped no less than fourteen of the rebels since his advent. For twenty hours he lay behind a log, leisurely loading his telescopic rifle and discharging its contents with unerring aim whenever a rebel head appeared. unluckily he received a Minnie ball himself toward the close of the day, and was compelled to suspend operations. He was wounded very severely through both cheeks at the instant his own piece was fired at his adversary.
  • An obituary for Lysander Martin was published on 22 Jul 1863 at "The Worcester Spy", Worcester, Worcester County, Massachusetts, as follows:
    Another Brave Soldier Gone

    Lysander Martin, son of Timothy Martin of South Sutton, of whom mention was recently made by the correspondent of the New York Herald at Fredericksburg as having distinguished himself among the sharpshooters of the vicinity, and as having been severely wounded, died at Hammond General Hospital, at Point Lookout, Md., on the 19th of June, in the twenty-seventh year of his age.


    The wound which occasioned his death was inflicted ten days previous by a Minne ball which penetrated his cheek and neck. During a portion of this time he suffered much, yet exhibited great patience and fortitude. He was a young man of much promise, and had the esteem of all who knew him. He was an only son of aged parents and their main earthly reliance. He had much to induce him to remain at home, but felt that his country had claims upon him that he could not disregard.

    He enlisted in August 1862 in a company of the Andrew Sharpshooters, and soon became a very efficient mechanic, he constructed himself a telescopic rifle which he was using so efficiently against the enemy at the time he received his fatal wound. While his friends deeply mourn his loss, they not only have the satisfaction of knowing that he endeavored to serve his country according to his best ability, but that after he was wounded, everything was done that surgical skill and kind nursing could do to save his life.

    The surgeon who attended him writes “I would have been exceedingly happy to have been the means of saving the life of so brave a patriot as he had shown himself to be. But it was the will of God.” One who was with him in his last hours states that he received all the kindness and attention that he could have received from home friends, that he was treated as a brother rather than a stranger.
    C.

  • He was buried in Jul 1863 at South Sutton Cemetery, Sutton, Worcester County, Massachusetts, with an inscription that reads:
    He died in the cause of Liberty.
  • On 7 Aug 1871 Rachael Darling applied for a pension to surviving family member, based on Lysander's service; his mother, with application number 198220, but no certificate is recorded.
  • Last Edited: 9 Sep 2016

Joseph Mason

b. 1840, d. 18 January 1914
  • Company: C
  • Joseph Mason was born about in 1840 at Canada (East).
  • At the time of his enlistment in the 15th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, Joseph gave his occupation as farmer.
  • In 1864 Joseph was living at Canada.

  • On 14 Mar 1864 Joseph mustered into service with the 15th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry having received a bounty of $325, being credited to the quota of Dartmouth, Bristol County, Massachusetts. He was 24 years old.
  • On 6 May 1864 Joseph was wounded.
  • On 27 Jul 1864 Joseph ended military service with the 15th Massachusetts by administrative transfer to the 20th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry as absent wounded.

  • Starting 28 Jul 1864, Joseph also served in the 20th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, Company "G."
  • On 27 Oct 1864 Joseph was wounded at Boydton Road, Petersburg, Prince George County, Virginia.
  • He ended his service with discharge for wounds on 18 Mar 1865.
  • He made application for a veteran's pension on 17 Mar 1866, for his service in Co. G, 20th Massachusetts, and received certificate number 66511.
  • He was enumerated in the 1890 US Federal census, Veteran's Schedule in Jun 1890 at Worcester, Worcester County, Massachusetts, as having served in the 20th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, Company G, noting dates which coincide with his entrance into the 15th and exit from the 20th, and that he was shot in the arm.
  • He died on 18 Jan 1914 at Brushton, New York. He was 74 years old.
  • Last Edited: 21 Apr 2017

Josiah Mason

b. 30 May 1822, d. 27 April 1863
  • Father: Thomas Chadwick Mason
  • Mother: Phebe Wardwell b. 1771, d. 16 Apr 1859
  • Company: 1_SS
  • Josiah Mason was born on 30 May 1822 at Andover, Essex County, Massachusetts, son of Thomas Chadwick Mason and Phebe Wardwell.
  • On 14 Oct 1846 Josiah's brother, Willard Mason, married Sarah Jane Sawyer at Andover, Essex County, Massachusetts.
  • On 26 Dec 1849 his brother, Willard Mason, died at Andover, Essex County, Massachusetts, at age 32.
  • Josiah Mason was enumerated in the household of Thomas Chadwick Mason and Phebe Wardwell in the 1850 US Federal Census on 20 Aug 1850 at Andover, Essex County, Massachusetts, as:
    Thos. C. Mason, 60, cordwainer, b. MA (as were all)
    Phebe, 56
    **Josiah, 28, cordwainer
    Lydia, 21
    Edward, 19, cordwainer
    Hannah, 17.
  • On 23 Nov 1850 Josiah Mason, 28, married Sarah Jane Sawyer, 28, daughter of Amos Sawyer and Betsey O. Haywood, at Worcester, Worcester County, Massachusetts.
  • Josiah Mason was enumerated in the household of Betsey O. Haywood in the 1860 US Federal Census on 27 Jun 1860 at Andover, Essex County, Massachusetts, as:
    Betsey Munroe, 58, (his mother-in-law) b. MA (as were all)
    Sarah J. Mason, 37 (his wife)
    **Josiah, 38
    Sarah L., 13 (his brother's daughter)
    Georgiana W. H., 12 (his brother's daughter)
    Eveline A., 9, b. ME
    Ellen V., 8, b. MA
    Elmer F., 4
    Lamire F., 2
    Ethelindia R. Woodbridge, 7
    Sally C. H. Humphrey, 62, servant.
  • In 1861 Josiah was living at Andover, Essex County, Massachusetts.
  • At the time of his enlistment, Josiah gave his occupation as Shoemaker.

  • On 2 Sep 1861 Josiah Mason mustered into service with the 1st Company Massachusetts Sharpshooters. He was 39 years, 3 months and 3 days old.
  • In Apr 1862 Josiah Mason was described as five feet, 8 and 3/4 inches, tall, with dark complexion, blue eyes, and black hair.
  • On 28 Apr 1862 Josiah ended military service with the 1st Massachusetts Sharpshooters by discharge for disability.

  • He made application for a veteran's pension on 3 Nov 1862, and received certificate 13494.
  • He died on 27 Apr 1863 at Andover, Essex County, Massachusetts, of disease contracted in the army. He was 40 years, 10 months and 28 days old.
  • He was buried in Apr 1863 at South Cemetery, Andover, Essex County, Massachusetts.
  • Sarah Jane Sawyer received a pension to surviving family member based on Josiah's service; his wife, received certificate number 21728.
  • He's surviving family was enumerated in the household of Sarah Jane Sawyer in the 1870 US Federal Census on 28 Jun 1870 at Andover, Essex County, Massachusetts, as:
    Mason, Sarah J., 47, b. MA
    ---, Adaline A., 19, b. ME
    ---, Elmer S., 13, b. MA
    ---, Lauimer F., (m) 12, b. MA
    nextdoor to:
    Munroe Betsey, 69, b. MA
    Woodbridge, Etherlinda, (f) 17, b. MA.
  • On 28 Mar 1872 Josiah and Sarah's daughter, Eveline Adella Mason married Henry H. Dame at Andover, Essex County, Massachusetts, in a first marriage for both.
  • Sarah Jane Sawyer was enumerated as the widow of Josiah Mason, in the 1890 Veterans' Schedules of the US Federal Census in Jun 1890 at North Reading, Middlesex County, Massachusetts.
  • Josiah's wife, Sarah Jane Sawyer, died and was buried on 16 Nov 1906 at Riverside Cemetery, North Reading, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, at age 84 years, 1 month and 19 days.
  • Last Edited: 9 Sep 2016

Family: Sarah Jane Sawyer b. 28 Sep 1822, d. 13 Nov 1906

  • Eveline Adella Mason b. 9 Mar 1851
  • Ellen Viola Mason b. 3 May 1852, d. 26 Jan 1870
  • Elmer Fayette Mason b. 21 Mar 1856, d. 29 Apr 1923
  • Loammi Fremont Mason b. 17 Nov 1857